Televisions have been used for countless decades, as ways of delivering programs to households mainly through some sort of broadcasting channel. This requires the use of a television set while high aerials are placed on the roof to ensure that one gets clear waves passing through the air. WiMAX technology is one of the most advanced forms of technologies over the internet that has brought massive revolution. However, while this seems to work well, information technology seems to disagree with it. With the introduction of Internet Protocol TV, people are now capable of fetching television programs through the internet. Internet Protocol TV, just like the name suggests, is actually a way that was devised to deliver television programs to households through a broadband connection using the internet protocols (Francis et al, 2007).

WiMAX provide high data rates, while its capabilities to reach longer as well as operate in non-lines of sight modes in both the licensed and license exempted frequencies makes this technology good for IPTV. However, for one to manage this connection, he/she requires to subscribe as well as acquire a form internet protocol TV set-top box. With the subscription, the person will manage to obtain several key advantages which include, owning additional television channels than what is being offered by the normal TV cables as well as satellite technologies (Francis et al, 2007). With internet protocol TV, one gets additional advantages since this technology comes equipped with other services like Video on Demand, Voice over IP, digital phone or even manages to acquire web access (Francis et al, 2007). All these services collectively are provided in some package that has come to be termed as Triple Play.

Historically, IPTV was introduced as a way of ensuring that entertainment consumers are well fulfilled. IPTV came as a way for easing the pressuring cable TV had put on the telecommunication companies. The internet was found to be a very resourceful place while the availability of high speed bandwidth offered by many of the telecommunication companies provided ways in which people could watch television channels through the internet.

The article also points that Verizon was the first company to offer internet protocol TV, and its first launch was in Texas in 2005. At first Verizon offered this service at about $39.95 a month. However, their prices increased with their expansion to 29 states where there services are provided Francis et al, 2007. Contrary to that, Verizon was joined with other companies in the late 2006. One of the companies to enter this market is AT&T while their U-verse service which was extended to both TV and Yahoo became the most utilized service in the whole of the US.

At the moment Internet Protocol TV is gaining a lot of recognition and as Francis et al (2007) puts it, it is now being preferred to the ordinary cable television channels. As Francis et al (2007) puts it, this technology features bandwidth efficiencies, as well as their management which makes it is ideal for broadcasting, multicasting, unicasting multimedia services. While it may sound profiting to the telecommunication companies, the technology behind the IPTV requires a lot of study.

Networking is one thing that has made this technology possible although it’s only the core network packet based that are required for this service to take place. In actual sense access networks are not always packet based while their technology require the connecting of multiple fiber coax or fire twisted pair topologies to work (Francis et al, 2008). The technicality of the network topology has made IPTV a very difficult technology to implement. Telecommunication companies use telephone lines to offer these services while other carriers are expected to be used to offer this service.

Moreover, there are simple ways in which the internet protocol TV can be displayed. According to Francis et al (2007), any person that has ever viewed a clip over the internet has actually experienced the use of an internet protocol TV. However, the actual way to experience it is by reassembling protocols packets using a computer and then converting them into some form of a television signal that can be recognized by the television set (Francis et al, 2007). Contrary to that, a set box can be used, in such a way that, instead of a computer the set box will be used to do the same job as the computer. This is actually what many cable companies do in order to broadcast television programs.

While this technology sounds simple to implement, the article asserted that, not until five years will this technology will be majorly made available in many homes. Technology wise, this is the least of our concern. The main concern is however, how this technology is implemented and how it works.

However, IPTV was made possible in many of the UK home due to the number of people in the country that owned the broadband net. Statistics puts this number to about 6 million by the end of 2005 while 50% of the UK net users by the end of 2005 were found to access the internet through broadband connections (Francis et al, 2007). In the US the same has happened, and while internet connections are found to almost every place that people go, it has given telecommunication companies the chance to make this technology possible.

The main question however is the technology that lies behind the IPTV. Currently, there are no telecommunication companies that offer wireless IPTV (Francis et al, 2007). In addition to that, the complexity of network topologies, their cost, design and maintenance currently being viewed as exorbitant, are making the IPTV deployment economically unviable (Francis et al, 2007). This is especially in economically deprived countries which includes underdeveloped countries as well as rural places in some of the majorly developed countries.

Thus, this technology has been found to be easily implemented by the use of Worldwide Interoperability for microwave access (WiMAX) which has been used for a long time to offer wireless solutions in offering wireless network access (Francis et al, 2007). WiMAX provide high data rates, while its capabilities to reach longer as well as operate in non-lines of sight modes in both the licensed and license exempted frequencies makes this technology good for IPTV (Francis et al, 2007).

With this technology, it is possible to do what many people though could not have been done. IPTV will be implemented through wireless channels. Considering several internet protocols already in the market, WiMAX technology is based on the IEEE 802.16 while in 2005 this technology was expanded to include the 802.16e protocol (Francis et al, 2008). Contrary to that, what has been found to make this technology possible using WiMAX is the fact that, WiMAX medium access control (MAC) layer can support real time polling services which can be used to ensure that the bandwidth required and minimum latencies mainly used for video services and offered through a certain quality of service is attained (Francis et al, 2007).

However, while this technology seems to be more marketable than the use of cable TV and satellites, it has made people to actually look into improvements that can be implemented in both cable and satellites so as to offer this service. However, in order to manage this, there has been a great distinction between cable and satellite. Both cables and satellites are being referred to as the traditional way of offering TV programs.

What makes both cable and satellite to still be preferred in the market is their ability to offer HDTV which is a service that is yet to be offered by IPTV.  This is in fact one of the most challenging fact that, many of the telecommunication companies will have to solve if they are to acquire the market from both cable and satellite TVs. The internet may be everywhere, but the fact will still remain that the number of packets and the traffic each channel receives in a second can only allow low quality videos to be streamlined at high speed.

Contrary to that, the quality at which one will manage to watch the TV will depend on the connectivity of the internet. This means that, with low internet connectivity, one will only manage to watch a particular video or TV program with pauses, unlike with the cable TV. One major disadvantage of IPTV has to do with lost packets. Due to the fact that this TV is provided online, it is possible that some of the packets will be lost or be delayed in a case where the internet connection is not fast (Francis et al, 2007).

At the moment AT&T is currently experimenting on how they can provide their customers with HDTV using IPTV, but the problem they are mostly facing is with the lost packets while it U-Verse service offered in Houston area seems to work with very little complications.

Contrary to this, IPTV has been found to be advantageous in that other than offering customers with wireless connectivity, it also offers its customers a quadruple play which is a service that incorporates internet, television, telephone as well as some mobile phone services (Francis et al, 2007). All this services are offered by the same company while a customer can use his/her cellphone to schedule for programs that are offered.

In addition to that, IPTV also offers the ability to record multiple broadcasts at once using the digital video recorder (Francis et al, 2007). In fact this is a feature that has been used by Alcatel for a long time now to record multiple videos; it also provides its customers with a very easy to use custom view guide which many of its customers have been using to find their favorite programs (Francis et al, 2007).